Richmond, the county seat of Ft Bend County, is on the Brazos River fifteen miles southwest of Houston. The city’s transportation web links include U.S. highways 90A and 59, the Southern Pacific Railroad, and also the Atchison, Topeka, and also Santa Fe Railway. In early 1822 a team of twelve to fifteen guys led by William W. Little camped at today city and also were soon complied with by various other participants of Stephen F. Austin’s Old 3 Hundred. A log fort developed at the bend in the Brazos River ended up being the core of a settlement, which happened called Fort Bend, or the “Ft Settlement.” The area was evacuated in 1836 during the Runaway Scrape.
In early 1837 the town of Richmond was developed by Robert Eden Handy as well as his business partner, William Lusk, and also as early as April the companions were promoting to offer whole lots in the community. Named after Richmond, England, the community was initially integrated by the Republic of Texas in May 1837; in December, when Ft Bend County was created, Richmond became its seat of government. In January 1839 a Methodist Episcopal church was organized, and also in April the community’s first paper, the regular Richmond Telescope as well as Texas Literary Register, started releasing.
The town’s early locals consisted of several of the most effective understood Texans of the duration, including Erastus (Deaf) Smith as well as Jane Long; Mirabeau B. Lamar resided on a vineyard within the present restrictions of the city. By 1851 Richmond consisted of a brick courthouse, two shops, a Masonic Hall, the Methodist church, as well as the Richmond Man as well as Women Academy. A yellow fever epidemic swept via Richmond in 1853, however, its future seemed guaranteed in 1855, when the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos, and Colorado Train expanded its tracks right into the town. By 1859 the community was a flourishing delivery and market facility for the location’s cotton haciendas and also had actually expanded to include a cotton storage facility and 2 resorts; a block building for various other shops was additionally being developed.
Though a variety of guys from Richmond and also the bordering area signed up with Confederate firms throughout the Civil Battle as well as the neighborhood economic climate decreased, in other ways the town itself stayed largely separated from the dispute. After the end of the battle, many emancipated slaves from surrounding plantations started to move right into Richmond’s environs; in 1866 a company of the government Freedmen’s Bureau was developed at Richmond, and also in 1867 a firm of federal soldiers was based there. Allied with white Republicans, the location’s blacks controlled regional national politics up until 1889, when whites in the area took control after the Jaybird-Woodpecker Battle.
Before the Civil War Richmond ended up being a center of the “livestock realm” that grew between the Brazos and also Colorado rivers; cattle were branded on varieties just west of the town before being sent out north to market facilities in the Midwest. In 1878 the Gulf, Colorado and also Santa Fe Train prolonged its tracks through the location yet bypassed Richmond; a new, competing community called Rosenberg has improved the railway three miles from the old town. In 1884 2,000 individuals lived in Richmond. That year, along with with the courthouse as well as four churches, the community had a financial institution, sugar mills and also refineries, and 6 institutions. Cotton, corn, animals, conceals, sugar and molasses were being shipped from the community. A wood bridge across the Brazos was developed at Richmond concerning 1888, and when that fell down 5 years later it was replaced by a stronger steel structure. Nevertheless, partly because of competition from Rosenberg and various other brand-new communities expanding in the region back then, Richmond’s population went down to 1,500 by 1890 and also 1,180 by 1904. Enormous flooding bordered the town in 1899.
Richmond’s economy remained based on farming until the 1920s, when oil production started in the area. By 1934 there were eight generating oilfields as well as a sulfur mine within an eight-mile distance of the town. During the 1930s sidewalks were extended via much of the town, and also a large municipal swimming pool was built; Richmond’s citizens likewise approved a bond package that funded a number of other civic enhancements, including a brand-new city hall, a modern-day water supply, and brand-new fire-fighting devices. Though local farming production endured throughout the Great Clinical depression, the surrounding cotton cultivators still sustained two large cotton gins in Richmond, and the town likewise had a large watering pumping plant that provided water to rice fields in the area. In spite of the improvements, a vacationer going through the town in the 1930s still assumed Richmond’s “fine old white frame houses of the vineyard type” provided the community “the air of the Deep South.” The town’s population rose from 1,273 in 1920 to 1,432 by 1930, as well as to 2,026 by 1940.
Starting in the late 1940s people started relocating to the Richmond-Rosenberg location to commute to tasks in Houston, as well as the pattern heightened during and after the 1950s. Consequently, the community’s populace proliferated, increasing from 2,026 in 1950 to 3,668 by 1960, to 5,777 by 1970, as well as to 9,692 by 1980. As Richmond and also Rosenberg grew with each other the towns progressively coordinated in growth and also preparation projects. By 1990 there were 9,801 people living in Richmond. The population reached 11,081 in 2000. Historic points of interest in Richmond include the Morton Cemetery, the 1883 John Moore House, the Long-Smith Home, the McFarlane Visitors Facility, the historic court, many historical houses, a Confederate Gallery, as well as the Ft Bend Historical Gallery.